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Histoire générale - Travel history Envoyer
Index de l'article
Histoire générale
Histoire du voyage ( français)
Nouveaux mode de transport
History
Travel history
Train, plane , car = New luggage
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HISTORY OF TRAVEL

From Ancient Greece

Regular trips are made and important to some popular attractions like the great sanctuaries of Delphi, Olympia and Eleusis which attracts with its games.
With Roman antiquity develop travel to resort locations (Herculaneum) and pilgrimage (sanctuaries of Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor), resulting in the establishment of various accommodation facilities (inns, lodges ...).

From the average age

Trade (routes to the East, the major trade fairs), religious fervor (pilgrimages to Saint Jacques de Compostela, Mecca ...) cause increased displacement.

Renaissance

The Renaissance period that brings new considerations to the world, promoting a new idea of the trip: the pleasure and discovery. Artists and philosophers visit Italy becomes the most popular countries of the European continent.

In the eighteenth century

In the eighteenth century, traveling multiply initiated partly in the seventeenth century by the young English aristocrats who carry the "Grand Tour."
The Grand Tour, initiatory journey for perfect education and humanities is the origin of the word "tourist". At that time in France, the term "tourist" is used to designate "travelers who travel to foreign countries by curiosity and idleness and says especially English travelers in France, Switzerland and Italy" (Webster 1803 ). It is also at this time that manufacturers of luggage, then called Layetiers-Packers will develop their talent and ingenuity to become real businesses.

UNTIL middle of the 19th century

period precursors, the journey is an adventure: it is long and dangerous. Travel conditions are difficult and we speak of "adventurers" and "explorers". We go on foot, horseback, stagecoach, which requires carry around many luggage and bulky. Long processions of trucks carrying trunks, chests and canteens ...
Then the trip will experience a real boom. The word "tourism" appears in 1841 year when Thomas Cook opens in England a travel agency. The publication of Memoirs of a tourist Stendhal popularized the word.

The industrial revolution and technological advances

enable the evolution and proliferation of means of transport. The time and distance will shrink. The industrialization of the 19th century is going to open new horizons for travelers and facilitate the development of different forms of travel whose character originally "utility" is shrinking in the century to make way for tourism'' approval : health tourism, exploring the mountains, bathing, sports tourism ... many tourist organizations and publishing travel guide will be launched in France.
The first organized trips manage the passenger, the management of baggage, accommodation and meals.

THE XX

with the law of the first paid holidays in 1936 and during the postwar boom, tourism will grow to be a "mass tourism".
Whether expeditions, trips, cruises, tours, pilgrimages, peregrinations, walking, walks, hikes, rides, tours, trips ... for each trip, the luggage will fit. It will evolve to serve a dual function: to facilitate users' lives and protect their effects.
 

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